None of us alone is more intelligent than all of us together



Dapa T, Fleurier S, Bredeche M, Matic I. The SOS and RpoS regulons contribute to bacterial cell robustness to genotoxic stress by synergistically regulating DNA-polymerase Pol II. Genetics (2017), 206 :1349 – 1360

Elez M, Robert L, Matic I. Method for detecting and studying genome-wide mutations in single living cells in real-time. In « Series Methods in Molecular Biology: Antibiotic Resistance Protocols, Third Edition » (S.H. Gillespie, ed.), Springer (2017).


Mathieu A, Fleurier S, Frénoy A, Dairou J, Bredeche MF, Sanchez-Vizuete P, Song X, Matic I. Discovery and Function of a General Core Hormetic Stress Response in E. coli Induced by Sublethal Concentrations of Antibiotics. Cell Rep. (2016 );17(1):46-57. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2016.09.001.

Yang, Y., Song, X., and Lindner, A. B. (2016). Time-lapse microscopy and image analysis of Escherichia coli cells in mother machines, volume 43 of Methods in Microbiology, chapter 2, pages 49-68. Elsevier.

Dimitriu T, Misevic D, Lotton C, Brown SP, Lindner AB, Taddei F. Indirect Fitness Benefits Enable the Spread of Host Genes Promoting Costly Transfer of Beneficial Plasmids. PLoS Biol. (2016 );14(6):e1002478. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002478.

Claude Saint-Ruf, Steve Crussard, Christine Franceschi, Sylvain Orenga, Jasmine Ouattara, Mahendrasingh Ramjeet, Jérémy Surre, Ivan Matic.Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing of the Gram-Negative Bacteria Based on Flow Cytometry. Front Microbiol. (2016) ; 7: 1121. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.01121

Radman, M.Protein damage, radiation sensitivity and aging. DNA Repair (2016) 44:186-192

Radman, M.Mismatch repair earns Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2015 to Paul Modrich for a biochemical tour de force. DNA Repair (2016) 37:A22-8

Aude G. Bernheim, Vincent K. Libis, Ariel B. Lindner, Edwin H. Wintermute . Phage-mediated Delivery of Targeted sRNA Constructs to Knock Down Gene Expression in E. coli . J Vis Exp. (2016) ; (109): 53618. doi: 10.3791/53618

Lefebvre C, Largeau C, Michelet X, Fourrage C, Maniere X, Matic I, Legouis R, Culetto E. The ESCRT-II proteins are involved in shaping the sarcoplasmic reticulum in C. elegans. J Cell Sci. (2016 );129(7):1490-9. doi: 10.1242/jcs.178467.


Tatiana Dimitriu, Dusan Misevic, Ariel B Lindner, François Taddei. Mobile genetic elements are involved in bacterial sociality. Mob Genet Elements. (2015) 5(1): 7–11. doi: 10.1080/2159256X.2015.1006110

Rodriguez-Beltran J, Tourret J, Tenaillon O, Lopez E, Bourdeleir E, Costas C, Matic I, denamur E, Blasquez J. High recombinant frequency in extraintestinal pathogenic escherichia coli strains. Mol Biol Evol (2015)

Misevic D., Frenoy A., Lindner AB, Taddei F. Shape matters: life cycle of cooperative patches promotes cooperation in bulky populations. Evolution (2015) Jan 31. doi: 10.1111/evo.12616

Izard J, Gomez Balderas CD, Ropers D, Lacour S, Song X, Yang Y, Lindner AB, Geiselmann J, de Jong H. A synthetic growth switch based on controlled expression of RNA polymerase. Mol Syst Biol. (2015) 11:840.

Dimitriu T, Misevic D, Lindner AB, Taddei F. Mobile genetic elements are involved in bacterial socialty. Mobile Genetic Elements 04 feb 2015.


Manière X, Krisko A, Pellay FX, Di Meglio JM, Hersen P, Matic I.High transcript levels of heat-shock genes are associated with shorter lifespan of Caenorabditis elegans Exp gerontol (2014) ; 60:12-7. doi: 10.1016/j.exger.2014.09.005.

Saint-Ruf C., Garfa-Traoré M., Collin V., Cordier C., Franceschi C., Matic I.Massive diversification in aging colonies of Escherichia coli . J Bacteriol. (2014); 196(17): 3059-73.

Dimitriu T., Lotton C., Bénard-Capelle J., Misevic D., Brown SP, Lindner AB, Taddei F. Genetic information transfer promotes cooperation in bacteria. PNAS. 2014; 111(30): 11103-8.

Chen P, Xu l, Liu J, Hol FJ, Keymer JE, Taddei F, Han D, Lindner AB. Nanoscale probing the kinetics of oriented bacetrial cell growth using atomoic force microscopy. Small 2014; 10(15): 3018-25

Mariadassou M, Pellay FX. Identification of amino acids in mitochondrially encoded proteins that correlate with lifespan. Exp Gerontol. 2014; 56:53-8. doi: 10.1016/j.exger.2014.03.009

Girod M, Enjalbert Q, Brunet C, Antoine R, Lemoine J, Lukac I, Radman M, Krisko A, Dugourd P,. Sructural basis of protein oxidation resistance: a lysozyme study.Plos One. 2014; 9(7):e101642. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0101642


Gutierrez, A., Laureti, L., Crussard, S., Abida, H., Rodríguez Rojas, A., Blázquez, J., Baharoglu, Z., Mazel, D., Darfeuille, F., Vogel, J., and Matic, I.B-lactam antibiotics promote mutagenesis via RpoS-mediated replication fidelity reduction. Nature Communication, 2013, 4: 1610.

Laureti, L., Selva, M., Dairou, J., and Matic, I.Reduction of dNTP levels enhances DNA replication fidelity in vivo. DNA Repair, 2013 Apr 1; 12 (4) :300-5.

Laureti, Matic, I, and Gutierrez, A.Bacterial responses and genome instability induced by subinhibitory concentrations of antibiotics. Antibiotics, (2013) 2 :100-114

Frenoy A., Taddei F, Misevic D. Genetic architecture promotes the evolution and maintenance of cooperation. Plos Comput Biol, 2013 9(11) e1003339.

Coquel AS, Jacob JP, Primet M, Demarez A, Dimiccoli M, Julou T Moisan L., Lindner AB, Berry H. Localization of protein aggregation in Escherichia coli is governed by diffusion and nucleoid macromolecular crowding effect. Plos Comput Biol, 2013 9(4): e1003038

Misevic, D., Frénoy, A., Taddei, F. 2013. In silico evolution of transferable genetic elements. Pp. 200-207 in P. Liò, O. Miglino, G. Nicosia, S. Nolfi and M. Pavone, eds. Advances in Artificial Life, ECAL 2013: Proceedings of the twelfth European Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Matic, I. (2013) Stress-induced mutagenesis in bacteria. In : « Stress-induced mutagenesis», Mittelman D (ed.), pp. 1-19. Springer Science & Business Media New York.

Matic, I. (2013) DNA Mismatch Repair and Homologous Recombination. In: Lennarz, W.J. and Lane, M.D. (eds.) The Encyclopedia of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 2, pp. 45-50. Waltham, MA: Academic Press.


Leroy, M., Mosser, T., Manière, X., Fernández Alvarez, D., and Matic, I. Pathogen-induced Caenorhabditis elegans developmental plasticity has a hormetic effect on the resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 2012 Sept 21;12:187.

Ni M, Decrulle AL, Fontaine F, Demarez A, Taddei F, Lindner AB. Pre-Disposition and Epigenetics Govern Variation in Bacterial Survival upon Stress. PLoS Genet. 2012 Dec;8(12):e1003148.

Elez M, Radman M, Matic I. Stoichiometry of MutS and MutL at unrepaired mismatches in vivo suggests a mechanism of repair. Nucleic Acids Res. 2012 May; 40(9): 3929-38.

Krisko A, Leroy M, Radman M, Meselson M. Extreme anti-oxidant protection against ionizing radiation in bdelloid rotifers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Feb 14;109(7):2354-7.

Misevic, D., Frénoy, A., Parsons, D. P., Taddei, F. 2012. Effects of public good properties on the evolution of cooperation. Pp. 218-225 in Adami, C., Bryson, D. M., Ofria, C., Pennock, R. T. eds. Artificial Life 13: Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Conference on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Frénoy, A., Misevic, D., Taddei, F. 2012. Robustness and evolvability of cooperation. Pp. 53-58 in Adami, C., Bryson, D. M., Ofria, C., Pennock, R. T. eds. Artificial Life 13: Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Conference on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.


Mosser T, Matic I, Leroy M.Bacterium-Induced Internal Egg Hatching Frequency Is Predictive of Life Span in Caenorhabditis elegans Populations. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011 Nov;77(22):8189-92.

De Paepe M, Gaboriau-Routhiau V, Rainteau D, Rakotobe S, Taddei F, Cerf-Bensussan N.Trade-off between bile resistance and nutritional competence drives Escherichia coli diversification in the mouse gut. PLoS Genet. 2011 Jun;7(6):e1002107.

Slade D, Radman M. Oxidative stress resistance in Deinococcus radiodurans. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 2011 Mar;75(1):133-91. Review.

Gutierrez A., Elez M., Clermont O., Denamur E. and Matic I.Escherichia coli YafP protein modulates DNA damaging property of the nitroaromatic compounds. Nucleic Acids Research 2011 ; 39(10):4192-201.

Manière X, Lebois F, Matic I, Ladoux B, Di Meglio J-M, et al.Running Worms: C. elegans Self-Sorting by Electrotaxis. PLoS ONE 2011; 6(2): e16637.

Tesfazgi Mebrhatu M, Wywial E, Ghosh A, Michiels CW, Lindner AB, Taddei F, Bujnicki JM, Van Melderen L, Aertsen A. Evidence for an evolutionary antagonism between Mrr and Type III modification systems.Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Apr 19.

Delebecque CJ, Lindner AB, Silver PA, Aldaye FA. Organization of Intracellular Reactions with Rationally Designed RNA Assemblies. Science. 2011 Jul 22;333(6041):470-4.


Repar J, Cvjetan S, Slade D, Radman M, Zahradka D, Zahradka K. RecA protein assures fidelity of DNA repair and genome stability in Deinococcus radiodurans. DNA Repair (Amst). 2010 Sep 1.

Diard M, Garry L, Selva M, Mosser T, Denamur E, Matic I.Pathogenicity-associated islands in extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli are fitness elements involved in intestinal colonization. J Bacteriol (2010); 192(19):4885-93.

Levert M, Zamfir O, Clermont O, Bouvet O, Lespinats S, Hipeaux MC, Branger C, Picard B, Saint-Ruf C, Norel F, Balliau T, Zivy M, Le Nagard H, Cruvellier S, Chane-Woon-Ming B, Nilsson S, Gudelj I, Phan K, Ferenci T, Tenaillon O, Denamur E. Molecular and evolutionary bases of within-patient genotypic and phenotypic diversity in Escherichia coli extraintestinal infections. PLoS Pathog. (2010) Sep 30;6(9). pii: e1001125.

Tourret J, Diard M, Garry L, Matic I, Denamur E. Effects of single and multiple pathogenicity island deletions on uropathogenic Escherichia coli strain 536 intrinsic extra-intestinal virulence. Int J Med Microbiol. (2010) 300(7):435-9

Krisko A, Smole Z, Debret G, Nikolić N, Radman M. Unstructured hydrophilic sequences in prokaryotic proteomes correlate with dehydration tolerance and host association. J Mol Biol (2010); 402(5):775-82

Elez M. , Murray AW, Bi L-J, Zhang X-E, Matic I , Radman M.Seeing mutations in living cells. Current Biology (2010); 20(16):1432-7

Krisko A, Radman M. Protein damage and death by radiation in Escherichia coli and Deinococcus radiodurans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A (2010); 107(32):14373-7.

Wang P., Robert L., Pelletier J., Dang W.L., Taddei F., Wright A., Jun S. Robust Growth of Escherichia coli. Current Biology (2010); 20(12):1099-103

De Paepe M., De Monte S., Robert L., Lindner A., Taddei F, Emergence of variability in isogenic Escherichia coli populations infected by a filamentous virus PLoS ONE (2010); 5(7):e11823.

Baeriswyl S, Diard M, Mosser T, Leroy M, Manière X, Taddei F, Matic I.Modulation of aging profiles in isogenic populations of Caenorhabditis elegans by bacteria causing different extrinsic mortality rates. Biogerontology. (2010) 11: 53-65.

Robert L, Paul G, Chen Y, Taddei F, Baigl D, Lindner AB. Pre-dispositions and epigenetic inheritance in the Escherichia coli lactose operon bistable switch. Mol Syst Biol. (2010) 6:357.

Saint-Ruf, C., Cordier, C., Mégret, J., and Matic I.Reliable detection of dead microbial cells using fluorescent hydrazines. App. Environ. Microbiol. (2010) 76 : 1674-1678

Guelfo JR, Rodríguez-Rojas A, Matic I, Blázquez J. A MATE-family efflux pump rescues the Escherichia coli 8-oxoguanine-repair-deficient mutator phenotype and protects against H(2)O(2) killing. PLoS Genet. (2010) 1553-7390(8.88)


Slade D, Lindner AB, Paul G, Radman M. Recombination and replication in DNA repair of heavily irradiated Deinococcus radiodurans. Cell, 2009 Mar 20;136(6):1044-55.

Schubert S, Darlu P, Clermont O, Wieser A, Magistro G, Hoffmann C, Weinert K, Tenaillon O, Matic I, Denamur E. Role of intraspecies recombination in the spread of pathogenicity islands within the Escherichia coli species. PLoS Pathog. 2009 Jan;5(1):e1000257.

Nogueira T, Rankin DJ, Touchon M, Taddei F, Brown SP, Rocha EP. Horizontal Gene Transfer of the Secretome Drives the Evolution of Bacterial Cooperation and Virulence. Curr Biol. 2009 Sep 30.

Touchon, M., Hoede, C., Tenaillon, O., Barbe, V., Baeriswyl, S., Bidet, P., Bingen, E., Bonacorsi, S., Bouchier, C., Bouvet, O., Calteau, A., Hélène Chiapello, H., Olivier Clermont, O., Cruveiller, S., Danchin, A., Diard, M., Dossat, C., El Karoui, M., Frapy, E., Garry, L., Ghigo, J.M., Gilles, A.M., Johnson, J., Le Bouguénec, C., Lescat, M., Mangenot, S., Martinez-Jéhanne, V., Matic, I., Nassif, X., Oztas, S., Petit, M.A., Pichon, C., Rouy, Z., Saint Ruf, C., Schneider, D., Vacherie, B., Vallenet, D., Médigue, C., Rocha, E., Denamur E. (2009) Organised genome dynamics in the Escherichia coli species results in highly diverse adaptive paths, PLoS Genetics 5 :e1000344

Delmas, S., and Matic, I. (2009) Même les bactéries ont une sexualité, In : « Aux origines de sexe » (Gouyon, P.-H. Ed.) Fayard.


Dos Vultos T, Mestre O, Rauzier J, Golec M, Rastogi N, Rasolofo V, Tonjum T, Sola C, Matic I, Gicquel B. Evolution and Diversity of Clonal Bacteria: The Paradigm of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. PLoS ONE. 2008 3:e1538.

Martinsohn JT, Radman M, Petit M-A .The lambda Red Proteins Promote Efficient Recombination between Diverged Sequences: Implications for Bacteriophage Genome Mosaicism , PLoS Genet . 2008 ; 4(5): e1000065. doi:10.1371/ journal.pgen.1000065

Veening JW, Stewart EJ, Berngruber TW, Taddei F, Kuipers OP and Hamoen LW. Bet-hedging and epigenetic inheritance in bacterial cell development. PNAS. 2008 Mar; 105 (11): 4393-4398.

Lindner AB, Madden R, Demarez A, Stewart EJ, and Taddei F. Asymmetric segregation of protein aggregates is associated with cellular aging and rejuvenation. PNAS . 2008 Feb; 105 (8): 3076-3081.

Giraud A, Arous S, De Paepe M, Gaboriau-Routhiau V, Bambou JC, Rakotobe S, Lindner AB, Taddei F, Cerf-Bensussan N. Dissecting the genetic components of adaptation of Escherichia coli to the mouse gut. PloS Genetics. 2008 Jan; 4(1):e2.

Fontaine F, Stewart EJ, Lindner AB, Taddei F. Mutations in two global regulators lower individual mortality in Escherichia coli. Mol Microbiol. 2008 Jan;67(1): 2-14.

Brown SP, Le Chat L, Taddei F. Evolution of virulence: triggering host inflammation allows invading pathogens to exclude competitors.Ecol Lett. 2008 Jan;11(1):44-51.

Babic A, Lindner AB, Vulic M, Stewart EJ. and Radman M. Direct Visualization of horizontal gene transfer. Science, 2008 319 (5869) :1533-1536.


Xu L, Robert L, Ouyang Q, Taddei F, Chen Y, Lindner AB, Baigl D. Microcontact printing of living bacteria arrays with cellular resolution. Nano Lett. 2007 Jul; 7(7):2068-72.

Saint-Ruf C, Pesut J, Sopta M, Matic I. Causes and consequences of DNA Repair activity modulation during stationary phase in Escherichia coli. Crit Rev Biochem Mol Biol. 2007 Jul-Aug;42(4):259-70.

Bjedov I, Nag Dasgupta C, Slade D, Le Blastier S, Selva M, Matic I. Involvement of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase IV in tolerance of cytotoxic alkylating DNA lesions in vivo.Genetics. 2007 May 4.

Elez M, Radman M, Matic I . The frequency and structure of recombinant products is detremined by the cellular level of MutL.PNAS. 2007 May 22, 104: 8935-8940.

Lopez E, Elez M, Matic I, Blazquez J. Antibiotic-mediated recombination: ciprofloxacin stimulates SOS-independent recombination of divergent sequences in Escherichia coli. Mol Microbiol. 2007 Apr;64(1):83-93.

Diard M, Baeriswyl S, Clermont O, Gouriou S, Picard B, Taddei F, Denamur E, Matic I. Caenorhabditis elegans as a simple model to study phenotypic and genetic virulence determinants of extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli. Microbes Infect. 2007 Feb; 9(2):214-23. Epub 2006 Dec 8.


Brown SP., Le Chat L., De Paepe M., Taddei F. Ecology of microbial invasions: amplification allows virus carriers to invade more rapidly when rare. Curr. Biol., 2006 Oct 24; 16(20): 2048-52

Zahradka K., Slade D., Bailone A., Sommer S., Averbeck D., Petranovic M., Lindner A. and Radman M. Reassembly of shattered chromosomes in Deinococcus radiodurans. Nature, Oct 5; 443(7111): 569-73. Epub 2006 Sep 27.

Saint-Ruf, C. and Matic, I. Environmental tuning of mutation rates. Environ. Microbiol.,2006; 8 : 193-199

Delmas, S. and Matic, I., Interplay between replication and recombination in Escherichia coli: Impact of the alternative DNA polymerases. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 2006 103 :4564-4569.

De Paepe M., Taddei F., Viruses’ life history: towards a mechanistic basis of a trade-off between mortality and reproduction PloS Biology, 2006 July; Volume 4, Issue 7, e193.

Chat LL, Fons M, Taddei F. Escherichia coli mutators: selection criteria and migration effect.Microbiology, 2006 Jan;152(Pt 1):67-73.

Matic I, Ekiert D, Radman M, Kohiyama M., Generation of DNA-Free Escherichia coli cells by 2-Aminopurine requires Mismatch Repair and nonmethylated DNA. J.Bacteriol., 2006 Jan; 188 (1):339-42.

Stewart E., Madden R., Paul G., Taddei F. aging and death in an organism that reproduces by morphologically symmetric division. PloS Biology, 2005.Feb; 3(2) :e45.

Delmas,S., and Matic,I. Cellular response to horizontally transferred DNA in Escherichia coli is tuned by DNA repair systems. DNA Repair, 2005. 4: p.221-229.

Veaute X., Delmas S, Selva M., Jeusset J., Le Cam E., Matic I., Fabre F, Petit MA, UvrD helicase, unlike Rep helicase, dismantles RecA nucleoprotein filaments in Escherichia coli. EMBO, 2004.

Saint-Ruf C., Taddei F., Matic I.,stress and survival of aging Escherichia coli rpoS colonies. Genetics, 2004. 168(4): p. 541-546.

Bambou, J.C., Giraud A., Menard S., Begue B., Rakotobe S., Heyman M., Taddei F., Cerf-Bensussan N., Gaboriau-Routhiau V. In vitro and ex vivo activation of the TLR5 signaling pathway in intestinal epithelial cells by a commensal Escherichia coli strain. J Biol Chem, 2004.

Matic, I., A. Babic, and M. Radman, 2-aminopurine allows interspecies recombination by a reversible inactivation of the Escherichia coli mismatch repair system. J Bacteriol, 2003. 185(4): p. 1459-61.

Bjedov, I., et al., Polymorphism of genes encoding SOS polymerases in natural populations of Escherichia coli. DNA Repair (Amst), 2003. 2(4): p. 417-26.

Bjedov, I., et al., Stress-induced mutagenesis in bacteria. Science, 2003. 300(5624): p. 1404-9.

Rocha, E.P., I. Matic, and F. Taddei, Over-representation of repeats in stress response genes: a strategy to increase versatility under stressful conditions? Nucleic Acids Res, 2002. 30(9): p. 1886-94.

Giraud, A., et al., Mutator bacteria as a risk factor in treatment of infectious diseases. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 2002. 46(3): p. 863-5.

Friedberg, E.C., R. Wagner, and M. Radman, Specialized DNA polymerases, cellular survival, and the genesis of mutations. Science, 2002. 296(5573): p. 1627-30.

Dionisio, F., et al., Plasmids spread very fast in heterogeneous bacterial communities. Genetics, 2002. 162(4): p. 1525-32.

Denamur, E., et al., High frequency of mutator strains among human uropathogenic Escherichia coli isolates. J Bacteriol, 2002. 184(2): p. 605-9


Tenaillon, O., et al., Second-order selection in bacterial evolution: selection acting on mutation and recombination rates in the course of adaptation. Res Microbiol, 2001. 152(1): p. 11-6.

Radman, M., Fidelity and infidelity. Nature, 2001. 413(6852): p. 115.

Picard, B., et al., Mutator natural Escherichia coli isolates have an unusual virulence phenotype. Infect Immun, 2001. 69(1): p. 9-14.

Giraud, A., et al., Costs and benefits of high mutation rates: adaptive evolution of bacteria in the mouse gut. Science, 2001. 291(5513): p. 2606-8.

Giraud, A., et al., The rise and fall of mutator bacteria. Curr Opin Microbiol, 2001. 4(5): p. 582-5.

Bregeon, D., et al., Translational misreading: a tRNA modification counteracts a +2 ribosomal frameshift. Genes Dev, 2001. 15(17): p. 2295-306.

Tenaillon, O., et al., Mutators and sex in bacteria: conflict between adaptive strategies. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2000. 97(19): p. 10465-70.

Radman, M., F. Taddei, and I. Matic, Evolution-driving genes. Res Microbiol, 2000. 151(2): p. 91-5.

Radman, M., F. Taddei, and I. Matic, DNA repair systems and bacterial evolution. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol, 2000. 65: p. 11-9.

Petranovic, M., et al., Mismatch repair in xenopus egg extracts is not strand-directed by DNA methylation. Neoplasma, 2000. 47(6): p. 375-81.

Matic, I., F. Taddei, and M. Radman, Interspecies recombination and mismatch repair. Generation of mosaic genes and genomes. Methods Mol Biol, 2000. 152: p. 149-57.

Matic, I., F. Taddei, and M. Radman, No genetic barriers between Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium and Escherichia coli in SOS-induced mismatch repair-deficient cells. J Bacteriol, 2000. 182(20): p. 5922-4.

Dukan, S., et al., Protein oxidation in response to increased transcriptional or translational errors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2000. 97(11): p. 5746-9..I., Parallel evolution of pathogenic strains. Trends Microbiol, 2000. 8(10): p. 451.

Denamur, E., et al., Evolutionary implications of the frequent horizontal transfer of mismatch repair genes. Cell, 2000. 103(5): p. 711-21.